Depression will affect between 3-8 percent of the population by mid-adolescence. Research supports CBT to be used with significant success with mild to moderate depression. The National Institute of Mental Health has found that when treating major depression in adolescents with medication, CBT not only aids in a faster recovery, but also provides additional safeguards for those vulnerable to suicide.
CBT gives the adolescent a way of better understanding how their negative thoughts affect how they respond to different situations, and in turn, how they feel. With the use of specific tools to change negative thoughts, youth are able to work their way out of depression. One of the goals of CBT is cognitive restructuring which asks the client to identify his or her negative, unrealistic or unhelpful thoughts, evaluate evidence for and against these, and generate a more positive, realistic or helpful thought based on this evidence”
This video gives one example of a CBT tool that can be used to aid in cognitive restructuring.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Medication. (n.d.). Retrieved July 15, 2012, from Worry Wise Kids:www.worrywisekids.org/treatments/med_thrpy.html
Friedburg, R. D. (2009). Self-Instructional and Cognitive Restructuring Methods. In Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques for Children and Adolescents (pp. 121-128). New York: The Guilford Press .
Gledhill, J., & Hodes, M. (2011). The Treatment of Adolescents with Depression. Current Medical Literature - Psychiatry 22(1) , 1-7.
Labbe, C. (2007). Depressed Adolescents Respond Best to Combination Treatment. Retrieved July 15, 2012, from National Institutie of Mental Health: www.nih.gov/news/pr/oct2007/nimh-01.htm